The same extraction method can deliver a variety of final-product consistencies. The method of extraction and the freshness of the input material are the most influential variables that determine the concentrate's output quality; other factors include temperature, purge time, and storage. Butane is used in the extraction process for shatter and crumble where Propane is used to produce the terpene rich terpene sugar, live resin, terpene sugar wax, and terpene icing.
Shatter, with its flawless amber glass transparency, has a reputation for being one of the purest and cleanest type of extract. But translucence isn’t necessarily the tell-tale sign of quality – the consistency and texture of oil comes down to different factors entirely.
The reason shatter comes out perfectly clear has to do with the molecules which, if left undisturbed, form a glass-like appearance. Heat, moisture, and high terpene contents can also affect the texture, turning oils into a runnier substance that resembles sap. Shatter with a consistency that falls somewhere between glassy shatter and viscous sap is often referred to as “pull-and-snap.” The color of shatter does not determine its quality but varies majorly by the age of the input material.
Crumble wax is extracted using Butane and is made with a procedure very similar to those that create shatter but the pre-purged oils used for crumble generally have more moisture, a different temperature and a thicker consistency, which help create the wax’s crumbling, cheese-like body after the purging process. A popular way to make wax into crumble is purging for a longer time at a lower heat, which preserves more terpenes and makes for a better-tasting concentrate. Many enjoy crumble over shatter for ease of transport and dab application.
Sugar Wax is a wax that has very visible crystallizations present. Unlike Terpene Sugar, Sugar Wax is dry and noticeably refracts light to give it a unique glisten. Propane is used in the extraction of Sugar Wax and the result is a higher terpene concentration than Butane extraction. Longer purging/vacuum oven times result in an extract without the viscosity/wetness that is seen in Terpene Sugars.
Terpene sugar is called such because it is very high in terpenes and the THC has begun to crystalize giving it a sugary appearance. Propane is used in the extraction of Terpene Sugar and the result is a wet sugar or sand consistency where the moisture is the high terpene concentrate and the sugar crystals are the solidification of cannabinoids. The same product purged longer in a vacuum oven will create the dryer Sugar Wax consistency. Recommended for extract connoisseurs who are looking for something potent and tasty.
Terpene Icing is similar in high terpene content to Terpene Sugar except there is very little to no crystallization present. Also known as Cake Icing or Budder, Blue Roots’ Terpene Icing is mostly smooth in texture with a very pungent aroma. Propane is used in the extraction of Terpene Icing. The largest difference between terpene icing, sugar wax, and terpene sugar is the texture settling over time.
Live resin is a process by which a freshly harvested plant is immediately flash frozen before it is extracted or simply extracted just after a fresh harvest. Because it is fresh as it is extracted, live resin captures more complete cannabinoid and terpene profiles, delivering to the user more of the medicinal efficacy of the plant. For recreational dabber, it also delivers superior flavors, aroma, and potency. All users get an improved cannabinoid and terpene profile, meaning a different, arguably better psychoactive effect and enhanced medical value.
Terpene Honey is called such because of its smooth, honey-like consistency and a high concentrations of terpenes. Typically only CBD heavy strains will produce this less-viscous honey consistency than a sugar, icing, or wax. The outside of the jar can be quickly heated to liquefy the honey into a more manageable glob. Both Propane and Butane extraction methods can produce Terpene Honey.